Board of Directors

Susan V. Berresford is the former President of the Ford Foundation.

Susan V. Berresford was President of the Ford Foundation and served in that role from 1996-2008. She first joined the Ford Foundation in 1970 and during her 38-year tenure held numerous positions including Project Assistant and Program Officer in the Division of National Affairs; Officer in Charge of the Foundation’s Women’s Programs; Vice President, U.S., and International Affairs Programs; Vice President of the Program Division, and Executive Vice President.

Prior to joining the Ford Foundation, she served as a Program Officer for the Neighborhood Youth Corps from 1965-1967. From 1967-68, she worked for the Manpower Career Development Agency where she was responsible for the evaluation of training, education, and work programs.

Berresford attended Vassar College and then studied American history at Radcliffe College, where she graduated cum laude in 1965. She currently serves on the board of United States Artists which she helped found, the Trust for Mutual Understanding, the Japan Center for International Exchange, The Brearley School, and the Robina Foundation. Additionally, she is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She convened the US-Vietnam Dialogue Group on Agent Orange/Dioxin. She has also served on the boards of The California Endowment, The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Independent Sector, The Council on Foundations, Women in Philanthropy, and was a member of the Vestry of Trinity Church, and the Trinidad California Trust Fund. Today, she works from her office at The New York Community Trust.

Kathleen Blatz is an attorney in private practice, specializing in arbitration and mediation. Prior to re-entering private practice, Kathleen was Chief Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court from 1998 to 2006 and served as Associate Justice from 1996 to 1998. Prior to her appointment to the Supreme Court, she served as a Fourth Judicial District Court Judge, chambered in Hennepin County, Minnesota. Kathleen began her legal career in private practice at a large Minneapolis law firm before serving as an Assistant County Attorney in Hennepin County. In 2007, she was recognized by Minnesota Law & Politics as one of the “100 Most Influential Attorneys in State History.”

Beginning in 1979, Kathleen Blatz served eight terms in the Minnesota House of Representatives, which included five years as an Assistant Minority Leader. She also has an extensive record of service on national and regional boards, including serving as a Trustee of St. Thomas University, a board member of the Minneapolis Big Brothers Big Sisters, and as a member of the Judicial Conference Committee on Federal-State Jurisdiction.

Presently, Kathleen serves as a Director of the Columbia Funds Board and as a Trustee of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Minnesota.

Kathleen Blatz has received numerous national and regional honors, awards, and honorary degrees. She holds a B.A., summa cum laude, from the University of Notre Dame, and an M.S.W. and J.D. with honors from the University of Minnesota.

Stephen R. Lewis, Jr. is President Emeritus and Professor of Economics Emeritus at Carleton College, where he served as president from 1987 to 2002. He began senior administrative experience at Williams College, where he twice served as Provost of the College (1968-71 and 1973-77). In January 2007 he was elected Chairman of the Boards of Columbia Funds, the mutual fund group formerly IDS and American Express Funds.

An economist with a specialty in developing countries, Lewis received his BA, Phi Beta Kappa, from Williams in 1960, and his PhD in Economics from Stanford in 1963. He taught Economics at Stanford (1962-63), Harvard (1965-66), the University of Nairobi (1971-72) and Williams (1966-87), where he held the Herbert H. Lehman Professorship.

As Research Advisor to the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in Karachi (1963-65), Lewis headed a research section on fiscal policy; his work resulted in two books, including Pakistan: Industrialization and Trade Policy (1970). He also lived in Nairobi (1971-73) where he served as an Economic Advisor to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development of the Government of Kenya.

In 1975, Lewis began a long association with Botswana, serving as Economic Consultant to the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning on a resident basis in 1977-78 and 1980-82, on short term assignments from 1975 to 1988, and occasionally until 1998. With Charles Harvey he coauthored Policy Choice and Development Performance in Botswana (1990). Lewis edited Q.K.J. Masire’s Very Brave or Very Foolish? Memoirs of an African Democrat (Macmillan, 2006). Masire served as Botswana’s Vice President and Minister of Finance from Independence in 1966 until 1980, and as its second President from 1980 to 1998. Lewis was awarded the Presidential Order of Meritorious Service by the Botswana Government in 1983.

As a result of his work in Southern Africa, Lewis was asked by the Council on Foreign Relations to analyze the South African economy, which resulting in his 1990 book The Economics of Apartheid.

Lewis is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Dean’s Advisory Council of the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs, a trustee of William Mitchell College of Law and of Wallin Education Partners, and Vice Chairman of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is a Director of Columbia Funds and from 2002-13 of Valmont Industries, Inc. He chairs the Visiting Committee of the Center for Development Economics at Williams, and also serves as a consultant to colleges and their presidents. Among his awards are honorary degrees from Williams, Carleton, Macalester College, Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan, and Lingnan University in Hong Kong.

In 1996 Lewis married the former Judith Frost Flinn. They each have three grown children and several grandchildren.

Marianne D. Short joined UnitedHealth Group as Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer in January 2013. She is responsible for overseeing legal, regulatory and compliance matters across the enterprise. UnitedHealth Group is the most diversified health care company in the United States and a member of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, serving more than 80 million individuals worldwide with operations in all fifty states and 20 other nations.

In addition, Ms. Short is the internal lead director of UnitedHealth Foundation, which is devoted to improving access to quality, cost-effective medical care and enhancing community well-being. She is also chairperson of the Charitable Giving Committee, helping to raise funds for the communities where the people of UnitedHealth Group live and work.

Prior to joining the company, Ms. Short had over 35 years of courtroom and management experiences. From 2007-2012, she was the Managing Partner at Dorsey & Whitney LLP with responsibility for over 600 attorneys in 19 offices world-wide. In addition to her management responsibilities, Ms. Short was an active litigation partner, co-chair of the firm’s Appellate and Health Litigation practice groups, and is a member of the American College of Trial Lawyers, the American Academy of Appellate Lawyers, certified by the Minnesota State Bar Association as a Civil Trial Specialist, and ranked among America’s leading business lawyers by Chambers USA.

From 1988-2000, Ms. Short served as a judge on the Minnesota Court of Appeals and authored more than 900 opinions in virtually every area of civil and criminal law. Prior to 1988, Ms. Short was an attorney at the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office and the Dorsey firm. She is a native of Minnesota, serves on numerous non-profit boards, including Boston College Board of Trustees, the Board of Trustees of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, and the Leadership Council on Legal Diversity. Ms. Short earned her Bachelor of Arts degree from Newton College of the Sacred Heart in 1973, and her law degree from Boston College Law School in 1976.